Gabai D, Gay D, Hartman D, Krushkal V, Powell M. Pseudo-isotopies of simply connected 4-manifolds. arXiv:2311.11196. 2023.

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## Abstract

Perron and Quinn gave independent proofs in 1986 that every topological pseudo-isotopy of a simply-connected, compact topological 4-manifold is isotopic to the identity. Another result of Quinn is that every smooth pseudo-isotopy of a simply-connected, compact, smooth 4-manifold is smoothly stably isotopic to the identity. From this he deduced that π_{4}(TOP(4)/O(4))=0. A replacement criterion is used at a key juncture in Quinn's proofs, but the justification given for it is incorrect. We provide different arguments that bypass the replacement criterion, thus completing Quinn's proofs of both the topological and the stable smooth pseudo-isotopy theorems. We discuss the replacement criterion and state it as an open problem.

*Last updated on 12/12/2023*