Our research concerns two intersecting strands in social and cognitive development: Montessori Education and how fictional worlds (like pretend play and media) and real life intersect and inform each other. Some current projects in the lab are:
We are currently addressing four questions that are related to Montessori and to education more broadly, but we welcome other ideas.
1. What is concentration, and how is it related to constructs like "flow" and mindfulness meditation? Can it be reliably observed externally, and what are its outcomes? In other words, to what other behaviors might it reliably be linked? Does it lead to epigenetic change, specifically to expression of the oxytocin receptor gene? Is there an observable neural signature?
2. How does teacher training change people, in Montessori versus conventional programs? Are Montessori teachers more authoritative (versus authoritarian) for example, and if so, was that a result of training or a pre-existing condition? How long do Montessori teachers stay in the profession, as compared to conventional teachers, and why?
3. What are the long term outcomes of Montessori versus more conventional education, on such measures as well-being, mental health, creativity, and so on, in high school and beyond?
4. How can Montessori education alleviate education inequality in the United States? How does the program function in marginalized communities? How do student-teacher relationships look in Montessori and conventional schools? Do student autonomy and individualized learning differ in Montessori and conventional schools?
We also will continue to address: How does Montessori education compare to traditional schooling for child outcomes like theory of mind, executive function, and academic performance? And how do variations in Montessori implementation influence outcomes?
New research in other areas (pretend play, theory of mind, media) is on hold as we focus on Montessori education as a form of playful learning.
Living Laboratory Collaboration
In Fall 2015, the Child Development Laboratories at the University of Virginia partnered with the Virginia Discovery Museum to form a Living Laboratory, a nationwide educational research program developed at the Museum of Science, Boston. The goal of this program is to bring together academic researchers (such as ourselves) and museum staff to foster public awareness and understanding of the scientific study of children's learning and development.
Our Living Laboratory is located on site at the Virginia Discovery Museum, and undergraduate and graduate researchers from the Child Development Laboratories visit weekly to recruit participants, conduct studies, and talk with families about child development.
Visit us in the museum on Saturday afternoons from 1:00pm to 4:00pm from January to April 2020!